Although humans can contract a variety of diseases and conditions from insects and animals, HIV is not on that list.
These forms of sharing will not result in HIV transmission. Sharing needles, syringes or other injection equipment, however, with someone who has the virus can result in transmission of the virus.
Being in the same social setting with a person living with HIV does not mean you will get the virus. HIV is transmitted through direct contact with certain body fluids (blood, semen, rectal or vaginal fluids and breast milk) from someone who has the virus.
HIV does not survive outside the human body and cannot reproduce outside a host. Exposure to air, heat from cooking and stomach acid destroy the virus in food.
Only in extremely rare cases is HIV transmitted by deep, open-mouth kissing and only if a person with the virus has sores or gums that bleed into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative partner. Otherwise, these forms of physical contact will not result in HIV transmission.
HIV can be transmitted through these bodily fluids: blood, semen, vaginal secretions, rectal fluids and breast milk. For transmission of the virus to occur, these fluids must come into contact with a mucous membrane, such as those inside the anus or vagina, or the bloodstream via direct injection. A nursing mother can pass on the virus to an infant via breast feeding.
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